Previously, holders not only of C permits, but also of B and F, the temporary permit, could submit applications for naturalization.
The new law has been proposed in response to the rising numbers of people being naturalized. In the canton of Zurich, increases of about 50 percent were recorded between 2000 to 2010, newspaper Tages Anzeiger reported on Monday.
It is not entirely clear how many people the change in law would affect. In 2010, 8,610 people were naturalized in Zurich. If the law had been changed as proposed, according to the Tages Anzeiger, that number would have been reduced by 1,600.
According to the municipal office, the majority of applicants with B or F permits are boys aged between 10 and 20 years.
Marc Spescha, a lawyer and immigration expert, believes the new law would discriminate against young people in particular. Young people who do not earn enough money to survive on would be refused naturalization.
“Young people are punished for something they can do nothing about”, he told Tages Anzeiger.
Some argue that the new act goes against the spirit of the Alien Act, which was intended to promote rapid integration and equal opportunities, and the original Citizenship Act, which was intended to accelerate the naturalization of young people.
Nevertheless, proponents of the change, such as Liberal (FDP) councillor Katharina Kull of Zollikon, believe that tightening the law is a good thing, arguing that the attainment of the C permit shows a real desire on the applicant’s part to become integrated.
According to Marc Spescha, however, the permits do not necessarily reflect the degree of integration that an individual has achieved. There are cases where people on B or F permits are more integrated than those with C permits, he said.
Swiss People's Party (SVP) politician Gregor Rutz, from Küsnacht, believes that the new law would not be discriminatory.
“Naturalization is not a human right,” he told Tages Anzeiger.
The far-right SVP wants to prevent anyone a criminal record from ever being naturalized in Switzerland.
The Zurich citizenship referendum will be held on March 11th.