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MONEY LAUNDERING

Swiss to return frozen funds to Kazakhstan

Switzerland will return $48 million to Kazakhstan, funds long frozen as part of a money laundering case, the foreign affairs ministry says.

The money "will profit the Kazakh people," the ministry said in a statement on Friday, adding that the World Bank had agreed earlier this week to act as an intermediary for the restitution of the funds.
   
The money was confiscated in 2011 after Geneva authorities opened an investigation into money laundering activities, the ministry said, without providing more details.

The money will be used to finance World Bank projects in Kazakhstan in the areas of politics, youth and energy efficiency, it added.

The World Bank estimates that nearly $5 billion in once confiscated funds have been returned to their countries of origin over the past 15 years.
 
 Switzerland accounts for more than one third of that amount, having returned a full $1.7 billion, the foreign ministry said.

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MONEY LAUNDERING

Swiss bank exec pleads guilty in $1.2 bn Venezuelan laundering scam

A former Swiss bank manager pleaded guilty in a US court on Wednesday for his role in a $1.2 billion money laundering scheme involving Venezuelan state oil company PDVSA, the Justice Department announced.

Swiss bank exec pleads guilty in $1.2 bn Venezuelan laundering scam
Matthias Krull is a former employee of Swiss private bank Julius Bär. File photo: AFP

Matthias Krull, 44, a German national and Panamanian resident, was one of a ring of conspirators and he admitted the scam began in late 2014 with “a currency exchange scheme that was designed to embezzle around $600 million from PDVSA,” the Justice Department said in a statement.

PDVSA was the crown jewel of Venezuela's imploding economy and remains virtually the only source of hard currency for the embattled government. But it also has made the company a target of theft and graft.

The Justice Department said the stolen fund were “obtained through bribery and fraud.”

The conspiracy in 201 doubled to $1.2 billion in funds embezzled from PDVSA. Krull, at the time a banker with Switzerland's Julius Bär private bank, became involved in 2016 when another member of the ring asked him to help launder the proceeds. 

They used Florida real estate and “sophisticated false-investment schemes to conceal that the $1.2 billion was in fact embezzled from PDVSA,” the statement said.

He pleaded guilty in a Florida court to conspiracy to commit money laundering. He is scheduled to be sentenced October 29th.

Krull's co-conspirators “include former PDVSA officials, professional third-party money launderers, and members of the Venezuelan elite, sometimes known as 'boliburgues.'”

US authorities arrested Krull in Miami last month, while Gustavo Hernandez Frieri, a Colombian, was arrested in Italy and is awaiting extradition.

The Venezuelans indicted in the case are Francisco Convit, shareholder of energy company Derwick Associates; Carmelo Urdaneta, former petroleum and mining ministry legal advisor; Abraham Ortega, ex-PDVSA staffer; and Jose Vicente “Chente” Amparan, a businessman and “professional money launderer” with links to Spain and Malta.

Venezuela's economic freefall continues, with hyperinflation expected to soar to one million percent, according to the International Monetary Fund.

On Tuesday, President Nicolas Maduro introduced a new currency, dropping five zeros and devaluing the “sovereign bolivars” by 96 percent.