Swiss tycoon’s guilt upheld in asbestos case

An Italian appeals court on Monday upheld a conviction for Swiss billionaire Stephan Schmidheiny for causing the death of 3,000 people in an asbestos case that campaigners say sets a key precedent for legal action around the world.

Swiss tycoon's guilt upheld in asbestos case
Woman with sign reading " Stephan Schmidheiny your place is in jail" during trial of the Swiss billionaire. Photo: AFP

The court increased Stephan Schmidheiny's prison sentence in absentia to 18 years from 16 years when he was first convicted last year and ordered him to pay tens of millions of euros to local authorities and victims' families.
Campaigners immediately hailed the verdict as an important landmark in the 
fight against asbestos, which is now banned by the European Union but is still widely used in the developing world.
Italy's National Asbestos Observatory said the sentence "encourages the 
battle of victims and relatives and honest people for a better world without asbestos and without a thirst for profit."
Bruno Pesce, head of the Association of Families of Asbestos Victims, who 
was present at the hearing, said the sentence was "a precedent".
Speaking to news channel Sky Tg 24, another campaigner Nicola Pondrano, 
said  the company's management had been "not just irresponsible but really criminal because they did not give workers basic information like the fact that asbestos is cancerogenic."
Eternit had caused "a real massacre" in the towns in which it had plants, 
Pondrano said.
He said he hoped the billionaire would begin paying out compensation 
"starting tomorrow" and argued that the Italian state could begin contributing if this was not possible.
The tycoon is the former owner of Italian company Eternit, which made 
construction material using asbestos in the 1970s and 1980s, and he was taken to court by a group of former employees.
Referred to by Forbes magazine as the "Bill Gates of Switzerland" for his 
philanthropy, Schmidheiny was found by the appeals court to have caused "a permanent health and environment catastrophe".
Prosecutor Raffaele Guariniello said the verdict gave "everyone in Italy 
and the whole world the right to dream that justice can and must be done."
The case against Belgian baron Jean-Louis Marie Ghislain de Cartier de 
Marchienne, a major Eternit shareholder who was also being tried in absentia, was dropped because he died last month at the age of 92.
The town of Casale Monferrato, one of the worst hit by asbestos-related 
cases, was awarded 30.9 million euros in damages while the Piedmont region, where the largest Eternit factory was located, was awarded 20 million euros.
The mayor of Casale Monferrato, Giorgio Demezzi, said he was "satisfied 
with the compensation" which he said would go towards cleaning up contaminated sites in the town.
Lawyers for Schmidheiny had argued that he did not have a direct 
responsibility in the management of Eternit Italy.
Eternit went bankrupt six years before asbestos was banned in Italy in 1992.

The first trial began in 2009 after a five-year investigation and is the 
biggest of its kind against a multinational for asbestos-related deaths.
Asbestos, which was banned in Europe in 2005, but is still widely used in 
the developing world, had been used mainly as building insulation for its sound absorption and resistance to fire, heat and electrical damage.
The inhalation of asbestos fibres can cause lung inflammation and cancer, 
while symptoms can take up to 20 years to manifest after exposure.

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Some deodorants could cause breast cancer: Swiss study

Women who regularly use deodorants containing aluminium salts could risk developing breast cancer, a new Swiss study warns.

Some deodorants could cause breast cancer: Swiss study
Twelve thousand women participated in a race against breast cancer in Le Mans, France, October 2014. Photo: AFP

Initial tests on isolated mammary cells derived from a normal human gland were later replicated in studies on mice, and the results were the same: long-term exposure to concentrations of aluminium caused cells to form tumours and metastasise.

“I think we should avoid all deodorants containing aluminium salts,” co-author André-Pascal Sappino told The Local. 

“And it’s very difficult to be sure that the so-called ‘without aluminium’ brands really are without,” added the oncology professor from the University of Geneva. 

Sappino said the team's earlier research was treated with scepticism, but mounting evidence meant it was much easier to get published this time.

For now, aluminium salts were a “suspect, not yet convicted”, said the professor, who drew an analogy with asbestos, the use of which is banned in Switzerland and the European Union. 

“Asbestos is cheap, has very attractive industrial potential, and it took 50 years to ban it. We hope it doesn’t take so long to ban aluminium salts,” said Sappino. 

Like asbestos, aluminium is not detectably mutagenic in bacteria, but subcutaneous injections of aluminium salts in mice resulted in “very aggressive tumours”. 

While the study has not completely established a formal link with breast cancer, Sappino said he would advise all women against using deodorants that contain aluminium salts. 

Men too should think twice: while breast cancer among men is rare, its incidence is rising, Sappino said. 

The oncologist said he fully expected to face resistance from the cosmetics industry. 

“Now the fight will begin. They will act like the tobacco industry and say that proof in human beings is lacking.” 

Sappino said he expected that team’s finding would make it easier to secure funding to further examine the cancer-causing effects of aluminium salts. 

The study, co-authored by four researchers from the Clinique des Grangettes, is published in the International Journal of Cancer.