No shame for Swiss jobless: an insider’s look

When I lost my job in Zurich three months ago, I felt like the world was collapsing around me. I felt inadequate and angry, and had a sense of shame about becoming unemployed in a foreign country.

No shame for Swiss jobless: an insider's look
Photo: Seco

And I was also fearful of registering with the regional unemployment centre.

In England, where I come from, such places mean only three things: futility, shame and demoralisation. My own brief experience of the system in the UK was demeaning: my university degree in modern languages seemed to mean nothing to my advisor, who suggested I apply for jobs like shelf-stacking.

I will also never forget one woman telling me that after arriving too early for her appointment, she was ordered to wait outside in the cold — despite having a toddler in tow.

So, after bracing myself for the worst, I was pleasantly surprised by Switzerland's  unemployment insurance system. Swiss unemployment is low compared to other  European countries — the jobless rate fell for the fourth consecutive month in May to three per cent, according to the latest figures from the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (Seco).

And one thing becomes apparent if you do lose your job in Switzerland: the authorities are keen to give you the best possibility of finding a new one while supporting you along the way.

No prejudice towards expats

Known as RAV (Regionale Arbeitsvermittlungszentren) in German-speaking Switzerland, ORP (Offices régionaux de placement) in French and URC (Ufficio regionale di collocamento) in Italian, the Swiss unemployment centres act as an employer for the jobless.

As well as providing accident insurance, the RAV makes sure that unemployed people are entitled to receive 70 to 80 per cent of their previous salary (according to personal circumstances and up to a maximum of 126,000 francs annually) from the Arbeitslosenkasse (unemployment fund).

The amounts seem generous. To draw a comparison: in England, I received an unemployment allowance of around £65 per week.

Just over 131,000 people were registered with the RAV at the end of May, according to  Seco. At one information meeting I attended, I encountered claimants from a range of backgrounds, from film production to building and finance.

The centre I am assigned to is cheerful compared to the job centre I remember in England. Instead of a drab room manned by security guards, there is a seating area lined with computers and bookshelves with manuals about successful job hunting. When paying visits there you do not feel like one of the dregs of society.

There is also scarce prejudice towards you if you are not Swiss. “My RAV consultant spoke to me in English and was always extremely helpful and positive,” one unemployed expat, a sales manager, tells me.

“One of the first things he said was, 'I am here to support you, not to control you.' Through the RAV, I was able to take German lessons, and I was able to attend a self-promotion class, which helped with my CV and understanding how employers think.”

Helping people back into work

Even though the unemployment rate in Switzerland has fluctuated – from a record low of 1.6 per cent in November 2000 to its present rate – the RAV continues to provide a high standard of service.“ Since 1997, the RAV has become progressively more professional, and has improved its connections with regional employers,” Irene Tschopp of the Office for Economy and Labour in Canton Zurich tells me.

“This means that, even if unemployment in Switzerland were higher, the RAV would be in the position to offer a great service.”

Included in this service is a comprehensive online job portal. The RAV may also pay for further training or education. And it can even support self-employment ventures.

 “I have been toying with the idea of setting up my own venture for a while and mentioned this to my advisor,” an unemployed expat writer tells me. “She suggested for me to attend a two-hour seminar with the 'Fachstelle for Selbständigkeit' to learn about self employment. I found the information really useful and have since requested further assistance."

However, being registered with the RAV is not all payouts and plain sailing. There are  numerous requirements to meet in order to receive unemployment benefits.

Claimants are expected to submit eight to 12 job applications per month, complete a monthly questionnaire about extra income they have made and, in some cases, attend a language class or career development course, free of charge.

They could even be frequired to apply for unsuitable jobs on the basis that they fulfil certain criteria.

“The RAV told me to apply for a half-day lunch help position once per week at an international school, 50 minutes by train from where I live,” one expat, who is an experienced translator and journalist, tells me. “They did this because (even though I had no relevant qualifications) I speak English and am a mother – so I know about lunch and kids!” 

At the end of the day, being unemployed is never pleasant. But Switzerland's social security system is making it bearable for me. 

With the average person leaving the RAV after less than eight months, it certainly seems the system is working.

And, as Tschopp adds: “Expats are generally very well qualified, so they are unlikely to be job hunting for longer than average.”

Further information

If you become unemployed, register with your regional employment centre no later than the last day of your employment contract. For more information about whether you are  entitled to register with the RAV if you lose your job in Switzerland, and to find out about  your entitlements,  consult the following websites:

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Which countries does Switzerland have working holiday visa agreements with?

Switzerland has made reciprocal agreements regarding working holiday visas with several countries. Here's what you need to know.

Which countries does Switzerland have working holiday visa agreements with?

Over the past few decades, countries around the globe have rolled out ‘working holiday visa’ agreements.

These visa schemes, largely targeted at young people, allow people to work and live in a particular country, usually for a set period of time and pursuant to certain conditions.

In recent years, Switzerland has expanded its own form of a ‘working holiday visa’, although there are some important differences to be aware of.

Unlike some of the better known schemes like those in place in Australia, applicants are discouraged from moving around and are generally required to stay with the one employer for the duration.

The goal of the visa scheme is to allow applicants to “expand their occupational and linguistic skills in Switzerland”.

The visa scheme runs for 18 months and cannot be extended.

Which countries does Switzerland have working holiday visa agreements with?

The agreements are made between countries, meaning your fate will depend on whether your government has at some point struck a deal with Switzerland.

EXPLAINED: What’s the difference between permanent residence and Swiss citizenship?

If you are from the European Union or an EFTA country (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), then you will be able to live and work in Switzerland as is – and will not need to go through this process.

If you come from outside the EU, you will only be able to apply for this visa if you are a citizen of the following countries:

Australia, Argentina, Canada, Chile, Indonesia, Japan, Monaco, New Zealand, the Philippines, Russia, South Africa, Tunisia, Ukraine and the United States.

What does ‘reciprocal’ mean in this context? 

Where these agreements have been struck, they have entitled citizens of both countries to certain rights and permissions in the other country. 

However, while these arrangements might be reciprocal, they are not identical. 

For instance, while citizens of Australia can enter Switzerland and work, the rules for Swiss citizens in Australia are significantly different. 

Therefore, if considering each program, be sure to study all of the relevant details as these will change from country to country and from agreement to agreement. 

More information is available at the following link. 

EXPLAINED: How to get a working holiday visa in Switzerland