The healthy profit comes after the Swiss company suffered an $8 billion loss a year earlier.
However, taking into account the group's absorption of another Swiss mining giant Xstrata, the company saw its results on a comparable pro forma basis slip seven percent from the year before.
The merger with Xstrata and integration of Canadian company Viterra meanwhile helped boost Glencore's trade, and the company said its adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation, swelled 18 percent to $2.8 billion.
But Glencore, headquartered in Baar in the canton of Zug, took a $1.1 billion impairment charge amid plunging commodity prices, especially in the energy sector.
The company warned last month that because of "volatile" market conditions, it aimed to slash its spending this year to $6.5-6.8 billion, down from the $7.9 billion announced to investors in early December.
Glencore, which has a heavy footprint in copper, coal and oil, as well as in the agriculture commodities sectors, also said it aimed to reduce its coal mine activities in South Africa and in Australia.
"Our ultimate goal remains to grow our free cash flow and return excess capital in the most sustainable and efficient manner," Glencore chief
executive Ivan Glasenberg said in the earnings statement.
"As the most diversified raw material producer and marketer, Glencore is well positioned to react to and benefit from changes in commodity
fundamentals," he added.
The company's board aims to propose hiking the dividend paid to shareholders by nine percent to 18 cents a share, the company said.