The SwissPass will replace the half-price card and annual pass for train, bus and boat travel, VÖV said.
The card will also be capable of providing access to related services, such as Mobility car sharing, PubliBike and ski resorts.
Passes for local community transport will be available on the card, starting next year, VÖV said.
Incorporating a microchip, it uses the same technology already successfully used by many ski resorts.
The red card consists of a photo with the printed name of the user, date of birth and a client number.
The decision to introduce the card on Switzerland’s national holiday follows a successful pilot project.
“The SwissPass corresponds to Switzerland: it amounts to an evolution and not a revolution,” Ueli Stückelberger, VÖV director said in a statement.
“The SwissPass is a first step, but an extremely important step in the direction of an electronic ticketing system at the level of all public transport.”
Sales of the new cards are slated to begin in mid-June.