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IRAN

Iran nuclear negotiations kick into high gear

Foreign policy chiefs continue to gather in Lausanne to try to broker a deal by Tuesday on Iran’s nuclear program. The EU’s foreign policy official was to join the talks on Saturday, a day earlier than expected.

Iran nuclear negotiations kick into high gear
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius (L) and his Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif. Photo: AFP

EU foreign policy head Federica Mogherini is expected in the Swiss city of Lausanne on Saturday to take part in tough negotiations on Iran's contested nuclear programme, her office said. Mogherini had previously been expected at the talks on Sunday.

She is joining six major powers which are in tortuous negotiations with Iran to try and reach an agreement on the contours of what they hope will be a historic deal by Tuesday.

Since a major diplomatic push to resolve the long-running crisis began in 2013, US Secretary of State John Kerry and Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif have met several times, but have twice missed a deadline to nail down an accord.

The powers want Iran to shrink its nuclear programme in order to make it easy to detect any dash to make a bomb under the guise of its civilian atomic programme.

In return, Iran wants an easing of international sanctions that have excluded the Islamic republic from lucrative oil markets and crippled its economy.

France's top diplomat Laurent Fabius, the most hawkish in the P5+1 group of countries negotiating with Iran since late 2013, was the first European minister to fly in for the crucial talks saying he wanted to reach a "robust deal".

France was "insisting" that any deal included mechanisms to ensure that the Islamic republic, which denies wanting nuclear weapons, complies with its commitments, he said Saturday.

German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier on Saturday also joined the talks, although as late as Friday it was unclear if he would. He said the negotiations were in the "endgame".

"After 10 or almost 12 years of talks with Iran, the endgame of the lengthy talks, so to speak, is beginning here," Steinmeier told reporters before joining his US, French and Iranian counterparts.

"And here, with a view of the Swiss mountains, I'm reminded that as one sees the cross on the summit, the final metres are the most difficult but also the decisive ones," he said.

He added that a successful conclusion of the nuclear talks with Iran "could perhaps bring a bit more calm" to the Middle East.

Asked at the start of their talks Saturday morning whether they were expecting a good day, Kerry replied wryly that "we're expecting an evening today," while Zarif joked "evening, night, midnight, morning."

China's Foreign Minister Wang Yi and Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov will reportedly fly in on Sunday. Britain's Philip Hammond was on stand-by to come.

It remains unclear what form any deal to emerge from the Lausanne talks would take. Iran's Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi told reporters on Saturday morning that "no text has been prepared".

But in an encouraging sign on Saturday afternoon, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said Saturday he was confident that the outstanding differences in tough nuclear talks could be resolved, saying he believed progress was being made.

Speaking after meeting separately with his German and French counterparts, Zarif told reporters: "We're moving forward. I think we can in fact make the necessary progress to be able to resolve all the issues and start writing them down in a text that will become the final agreement."

 

 

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DIPLOMACY

Iran summons Swiss envoy over US arrest of journalist

Iran's foreign ministry on Tuesday summoned the Swiss ambassador to Tehran to demand the unconditional and immediate release of a state television journalist detained in the United States.

Iran summons Swiss envoy over US arrest of journalist

Ministry spokesman Bahram Ghasemi said a note of complaint was issued to the ambassador for Switzerland over the “inhuman and discriminatory” detention of Iranian citizen and Press TV reporter Marzieh Hashemi.

The Swiss embassy in Tehran handles US interests in the Islamic republic after the two countries broke off relations following the 1979 Islamic revolution.

“Her immediate and unconditional release was demanded” at the meeting with the ambassador, Ghasemi added.

US-born Hashemi, who works for Iran's English-language Press TV, was arrested on arrival at St Louis Lambert International Airport on January 13th, according to family and friends cited by Press TV.

Hashemi, a Muslim convert who changed her name from Melanie Franklin, had reportedly been visiting her ill brother and other family members.

A US court on Friday confirmed the arrest, saying her testimony was required over an unspecified case but that she was not accused of a crime.

At a hearing in Washington, a judge ordered the partial unsealing of an order on Hashemi.

The court said Hashemi was arrested on “a material arrest warrant” and would be let go after she gave testimony to a grand jury investigating unspecified “violations of US criminal law”.

Iran's Foreign Minister Javad Zarif on Thursday described the detention as a “political action” by the United States that “tramples on freedom of speech” and demanded she be set free.

Zarif said that since Hashemi was married to an Iranian she is considered as an Iranian national and “it is our duty to defend our citizens”.