Report confirms Nestlé ties to slave labour
AFP · 24 Nov 2015, 23:07
Published: 24 Nov 2015 23:07 GMT+01:00
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"Nestlé is committed to eliminating forced labour in our seafood supply chain in Thailand," executive vice president of operations Magdi Batato said in a statement sent to AFP on Tuesday.
Vevey-based Nestlé had commissioned non-governmental organization Verité to investigate working conditions among its suppliers of fish in Thailand following allegations they were using slave labour.
The Verité report concluded that forced labour and other human rights abuses were "endemic" and posed an "urgent challenge to any company sourcing seafood" in Thailand.
In some cases, impoverished illegal migrants trafficked from places like Myanmar and Cambodia were tricked and "sold" to fishing vessels where they worked virtually non-stop in dire conditions, receiving little or no pay.
The workers questioned for the investigation, conducted over three months at six production sites, testified to "horrible and dangerous" conditions, describing physical violence, intimidation and threats.
Workers were sometimes forced to sleep on the floor when they were allowed to rest, and had limited access to water, medicine and sometimes food, the report found.
Their passports or ID cards were often taken to ensure they would not leave before their contract ends, and their wages were often withheld for months while they were at sea.
This sometimes resulted in them or their families taking high-interest loans from the employer, and landing them in debt bondage, the report said.
Verité faulted the lack of transparency in the supply chain, with boat workers often isolated at sea for months at a time at the mercy of their captain and no possibility to communicate with the outside world.
The NGO urged Nestlé and other companies to strengthen "supply chain mapping and traceability efforts, making current monitoring and capacity building initiatives more robust."
Nestlé commissioned the Verité report after pet food buyers in the United States filed a class action lawsuit in California claiming they would not have purchased Nestlé's Fancy Feast products had they known they had ties to slave labour.
The Swiss food giant countered at the time that it required "all of our suppliers to respect human rights and to comply with all applicable labour laws."
However, it said it would ask Verité to investigate, acknowledging that enforcing its strict code of conduct throughout the complex, multi-layered supply-chain in the Thai seafood industry that supplies some ingredients for its products was a challenge.
After seeing Verité's conclusions, Nestlé said it had launched a ten-point action plan, including setting up an emergency response team to quickly help individuals at risk.
The plan, which Nestlé said it would begin implementing immediately, also includes a programme aimed at verifying the working conditions on fishing vessels, a programme to train boat captains in best practices and a system aimed at improving the traceability of seafood ingredients used in the