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IMMIGRATION

Window narrows for finding Swiss-EU immigration deal

The Swiss president, Johann Schneider-Ammann, thinks Switzerland will find “an amicable solution” to its immigration issue with the EU in the end, though that will not now come, as previously hoped, before the summer break.

Window narrows for finding Swiss-EU immigration deal
Schneider-Ammann and Juncker. File photo: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP

Speaking to the Tages Anzeiger newspaper after meeting with EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker at a summit in Mongolia last week, Schneider-Ammann said “We had a good, frank discussion” and Juncker “clearly indicated that the Commission continues to be interested in an amicable solution with Switzerland and is ready to work on it”.

The Swiss government’s window for negotiating with the EU is quickly narrowing, however.

According to the Swiss constitution, the country has until next February to implement a 2014 initiative, approved by public vote, which demands some form of curbs be placed on immigration.

The idea goes against the EU’s principle of free movement of people, to which Switzerland adheres, and as such has placed the country’s relationship with the bloc under strain.

Negotiations over a mutually agreeable solution have been made more difficult by Britain’s decision to withdraw from the EU, and Switzerland was hoping to wrap up its own discussions with Brussels before it addressed the British question.

But that is no longer possible.

In a statement on Saturday following Schneider-Ammann’s meeting with Juncker, the Swiss government said “technical discussions” between the two would be intensified but that they would not meet again until September 19th.

The two men agreed that Brexit had “made finding a solution within the deadlines set by the [Swiss] constitution more difficult”.

But they also emphasized their “mutual interest” in finding a bilateral solution to the Swiss situation, said the statement.

According to the Tages Anzeiger, informed sources feel it’s unlikely the two parties will even reach an agreement in September but may manage it by the end of the year.

As the February deadline approaches, Switzerland may be forced to implement a unilateral solution, currently under discussion in parliament.

But forging ahead without EU approval could have dire consequences for the country’s other bilateral agreements with the bloc. Swiss scientists have already warned of the implications should they be shut out of EU-funded projects over the issue.

Speaking to the paper Schneider-Ammann said implementing immigration curbs unilaterally “must remain a last resort”.

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IMMIGRATION

EXPLAINED: What are the main obstacles to finding a job when moving to an EU country?

Moving to another country is never easy, as it requires going through cultural changes and administrative formalities. It can be even more complicated when looking for a job.

EXPLAINED: What are the main obstacles to finding a job when moving to an EU country?

According to new data released by the EU statistical office, Eurostat, the knowledge of the national language and the recognition of professional qualifications are the two most common obstacles experienced by foreign-born people in finding a ‘suitable’ job in countries of the European Union.

Overall, about a quarter of people born outside the EU who had experience in working or looking for work in the bloc reported some difficulties getting a ‘suitable’ job for level of education (without considering the field of expertise or previous experience).

The Eurostat analysis shows that the situation is better for EU citizens moving within the bloc. But there are major differences depending on countries and gender.

Life can be more difficult for women

In 2021, 13.2 percent of men and 20.3 percent of women born in another European Union country reported obstacles in getting a suitable job in the EU place of residence.

These proportions however increase to 20.9 percent for men and 27.3 percent for women born in a non-EU country with a high level of development (based on the United Nations’ Human Development Index) and 31.1 percent for men and 35.7 percent for women from non-EU countries with a low or medium level of development.

Finland (42.9 percent), Sweden (41.7 percent), Luxembourg (34.6 percent) and France (32.1 percent) are the countries with the highest shares of people born outside the EU reporting problems. Norway, which is not part of the bloc, has an even higher percentage, 45.2, and Switzerland 34.3 percent.

In contrast, Cyprus (11.2 percent), Malta (10.9 percent), Slovenia (10.2 percent), Latvia (10 percent) and Lithuania (6.7 percent) have the lowest proportion of people born outside the EU reporting difficulties.

Lack of language skills

The lack of skills in the national language is most commonly cited as a hurdle, and it is even more problematic for women.

This issue was reported by 4.2 percent of men born in another EU country, 5.3 percent of those born in a developed country outside the EU and 9.7 percent of those from a non-EU country with a middle or low level of development. The corresponding shares for women, however, were 5.6, 6.7 and 10.5 percent respectively.

The countries where language skills were more likely to be reported by non-EU citizens as an obstacle in getting a relevant job were Finland (22.8 percent), Luxembourg (14.7 percent) and Sweden (13.1 percent).

As regards other countries covered by The Local, the percentage of non-EU citizens citing the language as a problem was 12.4 percent in Austria, 10.2 percent in Denmark, 7.8 percent in France, 5.1 percent in Italy, 2.7 percent in Spain, 11.1 percent on Norway and 10.1 percent in Switzerland. Data is not available for Germany.

Portugal (77.4 percent), Croatia (68.8 percent), Hungary (58.8 percent) and Spain (58.4 percent) have the highest share of people from outside the EU already speaking the language as a mother tongue before arriving, while more than 70 percent of non-EU citizens residing in Denmark, Finland, Luxembourg and Norway said they had participated in language courses after arrival.

Lisbon Portugal

Portugal has the highest share of people from outside the EU already speaking the language as a mother tongue before arriving. (Photo by Aayush Gupta on Unsplash)

Recognition of qualifications

Another hurdle on the way to a relevant job in EU countries is the lack of recognition of a formal qualification obtained abroad. This issue was reported by 2 percent of men and 3.8 percent of women born in another EU country. It was also mentioned by 3.3 percent of men and 5.9 percent of women born in a developed country outside the EU, and 4.8 percent of men and 4.6 percent of women born in a less developed non-EU country.

Eurostat says this reflects an “unofficial distrust” among employers of qualification obtained abroad and the “low official validation of foreign education”.

The lack of availability of a suitable job was another factor mentioned in the survey. In Croatia, Portugal and Hungary, this was the main obstacle to getting an adequate position.

This issue concerned 3.3 percent of men and 4.5 percent of women born in another EU country, 4.2 percent of men and 5 percent of women born in a developed non-EU country It also worried 3.9 percent of men and 5.1 percent of women born in a less developed non-EU country.

Restricted right to work due to citizenship or residence permits, as well as plain discrimination on the grounds of origin were also cited as problems.

Discrimination was mostly reported by people born in a less developed non-EU country (3.1 percent for men and 3.3 percent for women) compared to people born in highly developed non-EU countries (1.9 percent for men and 2.2 percent for women).

Citizenship and residence permits issues are unusual for people from within the EU. For people from outside the EU, this is the only area where women seem to have fewer problems than men: 1.6 percent of women from developed non-EU countries reported this issue, against 2.1 percent of men, with the share increasing to 2.8 and 3.3 percent respectively for women and men from less developed non-EU states.

The article is published in cooperation with Europe Street News, a news outlet about citizens’ rights in the EU and the UK.

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