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IMMIGRATION

Swiss approve easier nationalization process for 3rd gen immigrants

Swiss voters on Sunday approved a measure to make it easier for third-generation immigrants to become citizens, crushing right-wing nationalists who had stoked fears about granting nationality to more Muslims.

Swiss approve easier nationalization process for 3rd gen immigrants
Rutli meadow, considered the birthplace of Switzerland. Photo: Fabrice Coffrini/AFP
According to final official results, the “Yes” camp claimed 60 percent support and a victory in 19 of Switzerland's 26 cantons, meeting the two criteria needed for a win.
   
The government as well as most lawmakers and political parties supported the proposal.
   
Under it, the grandchildren of immigrants will be able to skip several steps in the lengthy process of securing a Swiss passport, although approval of their citizenship will still not be automatic.
   
The right-wing Swiss People's Party (SVP), the largest party in Switzerland's parliament, fought against the measure by putting Islam and national identity at the centre of the debate.
   
Reacting to the defeat, SVP lawmaker Jean-Luc Addor said his side was “alone against everyone in this campaign”.
   
“The problem of Islam, I'm afraid, it will catch up with us in a few years,” he told RTS television.
   
According to a migration department study, fewer than 25,000 people in the country of about eight million currently qualify as third-generation immigrants, a definition meaning they have at least one grandparent who was born in Switzerland or acquired residency.
   
Nearly 60 percent of that group are Italians, followed by those with origins in the Balkans and Turkey.
   
During the campaign, Addor warned that third-generation immigrants in Switzerland will increasingly be people “from sub-Saharan Africa, the Horn of Africa, Syria or Afghanistan.”
 
Poster controversy 
 
The “No” camp faced heavy criticism over a widely-distributed poster showing a woman staring out from under a black niqab with a tagline urging voters to reject “uncontrolled citizenship”.
   
The SVP was not officially responsible for the poster.
   
It was commissioned by the Committee Against Facilitated Citizenship, which has several SVP members and was co-chaired by Addor.
   
Lawmaker Lisa Mazzone, whose Green Party supported the reform, told RTS her side was “pleased it was able to prevail in a campaign where the opponents were completely hysterical”.
   
Sophie Guignard of the Institute of Political Science at the University of Bern told AFP that mainstream politicians and journalists viewed the niqab poster as “a violent attack against Muslims”.
   
But Addor defended it again on Sunday by saying its intent was to “affirm the identity of this country and the need to preserve it.”
   
There are currently an estimated 350,000 Muslims in Switzerland.
 
Mixed legacy 
 
Sunday's referendum was part of Switzerland's direct democracy system that includes four votes each year on subjects affecting federal as well as local laws and institutions.
   
In a 2004 ballot that also saw brazen anti-Muslim messages play a prominent role during the campaign, Switzerland rejected automatic citizenship for third-generation immigrants who were born in the country.
   
The SVP in 2009 also successfully persuaded voters to approve a ban on new mosque minaret construction.
   
Ahead of this year's vote the government asserted that most of the people concerned had spent their entire lives in Switzerland and knew no other home, arguing that clearly entitled them to a facilitated citizenship process.
   
Polls leading up to the vote indicated a win for the “Yes” camp but some analysts said an upset remained possible, noting Swiss political history and recent trends elsewhere in the West.
   
Experts pointed to the apparent rising fortunes of right-wing parties across Europe along with US President Donald Trump's election win and his travel ban against seven mainly Muslim countries, which has now been rejected by two US federal courts.

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ZURICH

Zurich approves simplified path to Swiss citizenship

Voters in Switzerland’s most populous canton on Sunday approved a proposal which will make it easier for foreigners to get Swiss citizenship.

Zurich approves simplified path to Swiss citizenship

The vote passed with 69.1 percent support, making it the most popular of the four initiatives put to the polls. 

Around 350,000 foreigners live in Zurich, which is roughly one quarter of the population – although the percentage is as high as 50 percent in some municipalities. 

The successful proposal called for Zurich’s naturalisation process, including the citizenship exam, to be made uniform across all 162 municipalities. 

The questions in the exam will now be centralised on a cantonal level. 

The test will include 350 questions about Swiss history, tradition, politics and culture, with a focus on Zurich. 

Anyone taking the test will be given 50 questions at random and must answer at least 30 correctly to pass. 

More information about the citizenship process in Zurich can be found at the following link. 

EXPLAINED: How Zurich wants to make naturalisation easier

What else was decided on Sunday? 

Voters in Zurich also decided to reject a proposal to lower the voting age to 16, with 64.1 percent saying ‘nein’ to the proposal. 

A proposal to provide for more parental leave – and even up gender imbalances between fathers and mothers – was also rejected. 

Finally, voters supported law changes which sought to enshrine Zurich’s climate change goals in the cantonal constitution. 

A detailed breakdown of the vote can be seen here. 

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