Swiss healthcare is universal, which means that all residents have the right to access its extremely high standard of services. However, you can't just walk straight into a doctor's surgery, no questions asked! There are a few administrative steps to follow beforehand.
So first, a little background.
The healthcare system in Switzerland is made up of a combination of public, subsidised private, and fully private health systems. Unlike some other European countries, the Swiss healthcare system isn't paid for by taxes but instead through its residents' obligatory contributions to health insurance schemes.
Almost everyone who enters Switzerland requires a visa and a Swiss residence permit if they are planning on staying for more than three months. In order to apply for your Swiss visa, you will need to provide evidence of health insurance cover. Even if you are in Switzerland for under three months, basic health insurance is compulsory.
International health insurance providers like Cigna Global offer plans designed specifically for individuals and families living abroad. Find a package that suits your situation and get your new life in Switzerland off to a safe start.
Finding a doctor
You're generally free to choose your own doctor (arzt/médicin), unless your health insurance policy states otherwise.
You will be able to register with a doctor, provided you are signed up to the Swiss health insurance scheme. You can find your local doctor in the Yellow Pages or by visiting doctor.ch.
After your appointment you'll receive a bill from the doctor. This will need to be paid in full, after which you'll send a copy to your insurance company who will reimburse the amount covered by your plan. Some medical centres have agreements with certain insurance companies, which means you the reimbursement will already be applied and you just need to pay your share.
In major cities like Zurich it shouldn't be too hard to find an English-speaking doctor. However, in the more rural areas you may struggle. Your embassy should maintain a list of doctors who speak your language.
Most local communities (canton) will have a hospital (krankenhaus, spital/hôpital), and any kind of emergency treatment is covered by all basic health insurance plans. In general, you should visit the hospital in the canton where you are residing, although there may be exceptions.
Apart from emergencoes, you need a referral from your doctor to visit a hospital. If you do have a life-threatening situation and need to go straight to hospital, then go to your nearest A&E department (notaufnahme) which should be open around the clock.
If you need urgent medical assistance and can't get to the hospital by yourself, call 144 to get through to the Swiss ambulance service.
Hospital fees aren't cheap, and will have to be paid either directly by you or by your insurance company, so remember to take along proof of your policy.
Even Switzerland's basic health insurance covers visits to specialists (facharzt), such as gynaecologists, oncologists, and dermatologists. Unless your insurance plan states otherwise, you should be able to consult a specialist without getting a referral note from your doctor first.
If you have private health insurance with an international provider like Cigna Global, you can access their worldwide network of English-speaking specialists. All you have to do it call Cigna's Customer Care Team who will offer guidance and arrange to pay your fees wherever possible.
Like pharmacies in many European cities, Swiss pharmacies (apotheke) are easily recognised by the big green cross outside. There will always be at least one emergency pharmacy open in each canton.
There are two types of medication: over-the-counter medicines like antihistamines and ibuprofen, and prescription-only medicine like antibiotics or beta-blockers.
Around a third of all medicines require a prescription (rezept), which you need to get from a doctor first. It's worth noting that even prices for over-the-counter medicines are quite high in Switzerland, so stock up before you relocate and take your own basic supply with you.
The cost of prescription medication is mostly covered by the basic health insurance, so you only have to pay 10 percent and will get 90 percent of the cost reimbursed.
Often, insurance companies provide you with an insurance card to present at the pharmacy, which will in turn bill the insurance company on your behalf. You will then receive an invoice for the 10 percent of the cost you have to pay yourself.
Paying for it
The Swiss healthcare system is exceptional, although taking out private health insurance before you arrive can feel like a weight off your shoulders. It's just one less thing to worry about throughout the relocation process.
Cigna Global offers several packages and optional add-ons that have been designed specifically for expats. Find one that suits you, and think about all of the Swiss chocolate you'll soon be enjoying instead of what to do if you need to see a doctor.
The content within this article has been created by The Local and provides only a general overview for information only. No reliance should be placed on the information contained with this article. Nothing in this article is intended to constitute legal, tax, financial planning, health or medical advice.
The Local is an affiliate advertiser of Cigna Global and has been paid a fee to market Cigna Global individual private medical insurance plans within the content of this article.
For more information on Cigna Global, or to get a quote, please visit cignaglobal.com. Terms and conditions apply.