How have Switzerland’s tougher language requirements for work permits affected foreign citizens?

On January 1st 2019, Switzerland introduced stricter language requirements for many foreign nationals. The Local spoke to an expert about the impact of the new rules over the last 12 months.

How have Switzerland's tougher language requirements for work permits affected foreign citizens?
Photo: Louis/Pexels

On January 1st 2019, Switzerland introduced stricter language requirements for some international residents in a bid to improve the integration of foreign workers and their dependents

READ MORE: How to apply for Swiss citizenship: An essential guide 

What were the new rules for foreigners?

On 1 January 2019, new provisions on language requirements for work and residence permits, entered into force in Switzerland as a consequence of the revised Swiss Foreign Nationals and Integration Act (FNIA).

The revised law defined the language skills of foreign nationals and their families as one of the integration criteria.

Three permit categories were affected by the stricter requirements.

  • Family members of non-EU/EFTA nationals who hold a B or C permit through the family regrouping provision.
  • B permit (temporary residence) holders aiming to converting into C permits (permanent residence).
  • Applicants for “anticipated C permits”, except certain nationalities.

Main B permit holders were not affected by the stricter requirements.

In January 2020 a tweak was made to the rules aimed at standardising the requirements for those permit applicants listed above to prove language proficiency. 

This meant foreigners need to prove their language proficiency with an accredited institution from the following list, rather than at the discretion of each canton. 

READ MORE: Are new language tests putting people off applying for Swiss citizenship? 

How have the changes been rolled out?

Michael Tomsett is the Director of Retail Business and Marketing at Packimpex, a Bern-based agency which specialises in relocating people to Switzerland. 

Tomsett spoke to The Local about how the language requirements implemented in January 2019 were impacting foreigners.

One early observation of the new rules has been that despite their universal application, they haven’t been rolled out simultaneously.

While Basel and more recently Zurich have been strict to implement the changes, these were taking place slower in French-speaking Switzerland. 

“Like many things in Switzerland, the roll-out is happening in a regional way, at various paces depending on the region,” Tomsett said. 

“What we see at the moment from our ‘bird’s eye view’ is that in Basel the local authorities have been very strict on implementing this new law from the start. Zurich is now also being strict on all cases from the relevant countries, as is Bern.

“We have not heard about it so much in the Swiss-French region, but the first cases have come up. But they currently seem more like a coincidence.”

‘A thoroughly positive change’

Tomsett told The Local that all the changes have been positive – both for foreign nationals and for Switzerland. There were however some early teething problems. 

“We have certainly seen some increased concern and confusion from a few of our clients, particularly those who are managed by providers in the US,” he said. 

“After several phone calls things have been resolved, but it has been time consuming and a little frustrating for all parties.

“The modern expat family can be made up from multiple nationalities, adding to the complexity.”

Tomsett said that the result of the change would be a greater degree of language integration, which would be beneficial for internationals on the whole. 

“In the manner in which the new law is intended: foreigners from countries impacted by the law will have to register for and attend basic language lessons,” Tomsett said. 

READ MORE: Would you pass Switzerland's citizenship exam?

“We are convinced that successful expatriations of all lengths – regardless whether they are in the context of an international career move or they are a personal move for love or lifestyle – we believe that all stays abroad are more likely to be successful if local culture awareness is considered as a high priority by the expat, with language learning being a really important part of that.”

Tomsett said that although there may be some internationals who are concerned about the change, in effect it was relatively minor – and focused primarily on ensuring uniform documentary standards for all foreigners. 

He said the changes were unlikely to make any real impact on foreigners’ likelihood of moving to Switzerland or their overall experience when they get there. 

“Does it create a bit more admin around getting people on the ground in Switzerland? Yes, absolutely,” he said. 

“With Switzerland sitting at number 5 in 2019’s Global Competitive Index, it’s plausible to think that there might be some shift in the ranking coming in 2020. 

“But we don’t expect this new law to have a significant impact. Other more severe measures in recent years, such as updates to Swiss taxation laws, have hardly dented the country’s competitiveness, so it’s hard to imagine that this minor – and let’s face it – thoroughly positive change could.”



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Zurich approves simplified path to Swiss citizenship

Voters in Switzerland’s most populous canton on Sunday approved a proposal which will make it easier for foreigners to get Swiss citizenship.

Zurich approves simplified path to Swiss citizenship

The vote passed with 69.1 percent support, making it the most popular of the four initiatives put to the polls. 

Around 350,000 foreigners live in Zurich, which is roughly one quarter of the population – although the percentage is as high as 50 percent in some municipalities. 

The successful proposal called for Zurich’s naturalisation process, including the citizenship exam, to be made uniform across all 162 municipalities. 

The questions in the exam will now be centralised on a cantonal level. 

The test will include 350 questions about Swiss history, tradition, politics and culture, with a focus on Zurich. 

Anyone taking the test will be given 50 questions at random and must answer at least 30 correctly to pass. 

More information about the citizenship process in Zurich can be found at the following link. 

EXPLAINED: How Zurich wants to make naturalisation easier

What else was decided on Sunday? 

Voters in Zurich also decided to reject a proposal to lower the voting age to 16, with 64.1 percent saying ‘nein’ to the proposal. 

A proposal to provide for more parental leave – and even up gender imbalances between fathers and mothers – was also rejected. 

Finally, voters supported law changes which sought to enshrine Zurich’s climate change goals in the cantonal constitution. 

A detailed breakdown of the vote can be seen here.