How Swiss cities are cracking down on coronavirus lockdown fatigue

Although lockdowns are still in place across Switzerland, the warmer weather and public holidays have brought many back out onto the streets - leading to concerns that infections will rise quickly.

How Swiss cities are cracking down on coronavirus lockdown fatigue
The Zurich foreshore has been a popular gathering spot. Photo: Unsplash

Authorities in several Swiss cities – where crowds have begun to gather and distance measures are not being observed – have drawn up plans to tackle lockdown fatigue in public places.

Authorities in several Swiss cities have considered taking a variety of steps including cordoning off certain areas and restricting bars and restaurants from putting chairs and tables on the pavement.


In an interview with the Tages Anzeiger, Karin Rykart of the Greens said police intervention and barriers are being considered for people gathering in public spaces.

“The city police plan to intervene if things go overboard,” Rykart said.

“People need to be reminded (about the seriousness of the situation)”.

Rykart said she was particularly concerned about large gatherings on areas across the lake basin, which have been closed for several weeks.

On the Utoquai however will not be considered – although additional police patrols will continue.

“Clearing the Utoquai on a Friday evening when too many people are too close together and people don't want to leave the square is not feasible,”


Swiss media has been full of pictures and video from Basel's “Party Mile” – the city's Steinenvorstadt – where people have been depicted together in close quarters.

As a result, the cantonal government has threatened fines and closures to anyone flaunting lockdown measures, while the area has seen a boosted police presence in recent weeks.

In addition to threatening bar owners and restauranteurs, patrons have also been threatened with fines and sanctions – while all activity must finish at 10pm.

Bars and restaurants which had been allowed to put their tables in public spaces have now had this permission revoked.

Police spokesman Martin Schütz told 20 Minutes that the police had already issued warnings to three restaurants in the area – and would continue to keep the police presence high in the coming weeks.


Despite frequent protest action with people demonstrating against the lockdown restrictions, Bern has been comparatively calm when it comes to nightlife.

A spokesperson told Swiss newspaper Watson that usual police patrols would continue – but that the public was largely obeying the social distancing restrictions.

READ: Bern to become 'open air bar' in summer to beat coronavirus restrictions



Since reopening the lake basin in Lucerne to the public on May 11th, the public’s acceptance of distance rules has slowly waned.

In the Luzerner Zeitung, authorities said they were considering further action to discourage the public from gathering in large groups.

As reported in Swiss newspaper Watson, a security service has been hired who can remind people of the coronavirus lockdown restrictions and who will call the police if directions are ignored.

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UPDATE: What are Switzerland’s rules for cannabis consumption?

Switzerland has a complicated set of rules for both medical and recreational cannabis consumption. Here's what you need to know.

UPDATE: What are Switzerland's rules for cannabis consumption?

Long prohibited and seen as a gateway drug with potentially dangerous impacts, countries across the globe have begun legalising cannabis in recent years. 

While the legalisation for medical use has been widespread, there have also been successful legalisation campaigns in several countries. 

The situation in Switzerland is also in flux and has been complicated by a range of recent changes.

Whether referred to as cannabis, marijuana or hemp, Switzerland’s Narcotics Act qualifies it as “a psychoactive substance”, with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) being its most intoxicating ingredient.

The law specifies that “only THC is controlled under the Narcotics Act. Other active substances like cannabidiol (CBD) are not subject to the Narcotics Act as they do not have comparable psychoactive effects”.

Here’s what you need to know. 

Switzerland has legalised medical marijuana 

As of August 1st, the use of cannabis for medical purposes will be allowed in Switzerland

Patients who are medically prescribed the drug will no longer need to seek exceptional permission from the health ministry, as was the case prior to August 1st. 

Demand for cannabis-based treatments has risen sharply, with the health ministry issuing 3,000 exceptional authorisations in 2019.

The government “intends to facilitate access to cannabis for medical use for patients” and was therefore lifting the ban on its use for that purpose, it said in a statement.

The previous procedure involved “tedious administrative procedures”, said the ministry. “Sick people must be able to access these medicines without excessive bureaucracy.”

As of August 1st, “the decision as to whether a cannabis medicinal product is to be used therapeutically will be made by the doctor together with the patient” the government wrote

The sale and consumption of cannabis for non-medical purposes will remain prohibited.

READ MORE: Switzerland to lift ban on medical use cannabis

The new regulations could benefit thousands of people suffering from severe chronic pain, it added, including those with cancer and multiple sclerosis.

READ ALSO: Why Basel is about to become Switzerland’s marijuana capital

The law change will also mean that the cultivation, processing, manufacture and trade of cannabis for medical use will be subject to the Swissmedic regulatory authority, just as with other narcotics for medical use such as cocaine, methadone and morphine.

Legality of recreational cannabis is determined by the THC

THC of at least 1 percent is generally prohibited in Switzerland and use of products with this (or higher) content may be punishable by a 100-franc fine.

Of course, if someone is determined to smoke it, 100 francs may not be much a deterrent — but that’s a subject for another article.

“By contrast, possession of up to 10g of cannabis for personal use is not considered a criminal offence”, the law states, as long as it is not used by or sold to minors.

Italy's constitutional court has blocked the latest efforts to legalise cannabis.

Photo by Miguel MEDINA / AFP.

And, as with nearly everything else in decentralised Switzerland, “there are still considerable differences between cantons regarding implementation of the fixed penalty procedure”.

However, “cannabis flowers intended for smoking with a high proportion of cannabidiol (CBD) and less than 1 percent THC can be sold and purchased legally”, according to the legislation. 

That’s because, unlike the THC, cannabidiol “does not have a psychoactive effect”.

In other words, low-content THC and CBD will not give the “high” that recreational users seek.

When will Switzerland legalise recreational cannabis?

Currently, small amounts of recreational cannabis are tolerated in Switzerland.

“The decisive factor for classification as a banned drug is how much THC is contained in a cannabis product. If the THC content exceeds one per cent, the product is prohibited. Hashish is prohibited regardless of its THC content.”

As noted by the Swiss government, “If you are caught in possession of a small amount of cannabis (no more than 10 grams) for your own consumption, you will not be fined. In addition, if you supply (but do not sell) up to 10 grams to an adult, e.g. when sharing joints, you will not be fined.”

“If you are caught using cannabis, you may be given a fixed penalty fine of 100 francs.”

In June 2020, the National Council approved a plan to start cannabis trials for recreational use.

The experiments are to be carried out in Switzerland’s larger cities. Basel, Bern, Biel, Geneva and Zurich have all expressed interest in conducting the trials. 

The study seeks to find out how the market for cannabis works – and how to combat the black market. The social effects of legalisation will also be examined. 

At this point, no decisions have been made. However, Swiss authorities have set certain conditions in case recreational use is approved.

The National Council said if cannabis were to be legalised, it must be locally grown in Switzerland – and it must be organic. 

Health Minister Alain Berset noted that legalisation should benefit Swiss farmers even though “very few producers have experience in this area”.

READ MORE: Switzerland backs recreational cannabis trials – with one condition

Can you grow your own cannabis?

In truth, a number of people cultivate marijuana plants on their balconies or in their (secluded) gardens for their own personal use.

As it turns out, the law allows it, as long as it is a variety of the plant that does not have a narcotic effect — that is, the THC content must be less than 1 percent. 

By the same token, cannabis-based products with THC content of below 1 percent can be brought into Switzerland from abroad.

However, the import rules differ depending on the type of product  it is — flowers, seeds, extracts, oils, or other goods.

How much cannabis is consumed in Switzerland each year?

Precise numbers are hard to come by, but according to an article in Le Temps, which based its information on a medical study, about 100 tonnes are consumed in the country annually.

Cannabis remains the largest market in terms of volume: it represents 85 percent of drugs consumed in Switzerland, netting between 340, 000 and 500,000 francs per year.

READ MORE: Drugs and alcohol: Just how much do the Swiss consume?