The southern Swiss canton of Valais, the only one to allow the trophy hunting, said in a statement that as of next year, foreigners would no longer be granted permits to hunt ibexes.
The canton stressed that its Alpine ibex population was growing healthily and said there was still a need for responsible regulation through hunting.
But it said that from 2021, “ibex regulation will only be carried out by hunters residing in the canton of Valais or those who hold a Valais hunting licence.”
The canton has for years quietly allowed trophy hunters to shoot ageing male ibexes already destined for elimination.
But a documentary aired by public broadcaster RTS last year brought the trophy hunt to the attention of the broader public, sparking a heated debate across Switzerland about the practice and its potential impact on the viability of the species.
Outraged citizens launched a petition demanding the “disgraceful” hunt be halted, gathering some 75,000 signatures in a matter of months.
The entire Swiss ibex population was wiped out at the end of the 19th century, but since they were reintroduced from neighbouring Italy, the population in the country has grown to around 17,000.
Valais counted 6,030 ibexes at the end of 2019 — nearly double the roughly 3,500 in the canton 15 years earlier.
The canton allows several hundred animals to be culled each year, with the maximum quota this year standing at 544 animals.
Animals across all age groups and of both sexes can be listed for culling, but males over the age of 11 are typically offered to trophy hunters, at a price.
The cost depends on the length of the horns, with the longest specimens, measuring around 1.10 metres, reportedly raking in up to $20,000 for a pair.
The canton has pocketed hundreds of thousands of dollars in income from this hunt annually.
For 2020, authorities have granted hunting permits for up to 45 large males over the age of 11, including 25 to foreign hunters.
While the canton will lose income once the foreign trophy hunters are gone, it pointed out Friday that the shift would lead to a reduction in workload for game rangers, who had been tasked with supervising and accompanying foreigners holding one-day hunting permits.
This, it said, would allow the region to save on personnel resources, meaning there would be no need to hike hunting licence prices for Valais residents, which had been one of the main sticking points in the debate.