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ZURICH

‘Give something back’: Zurich announces first income tax cut in decades

Residents of Switzerland’s largest canton will have to pay less tax in the coming two years after Zurich passed its first tax cut in 18 years, although anyone hoping for big savings might be in for a shock.

A person uses a calculator to work out their taxes
Zurich's income tax cut from 2022 is unlikely to put much more cash in your pocket. Photo by Kelly Sikkema on Unsplash

On Tuesday, Zurich cantonal council voted to cut taxes for the first time since 2003. 

A result of the cut is that residents of Switzerland’s largest canton will need to pay less taxes in 2022 and 2023. 

In passing the cut, those behind it said they wanted to “give something back to the population during the pandemic”. 

The average tax cut for each Zurich resident will however be roughly CHF15 per year, which doesn’t buy you a lot with Zurich’s prices. 

EXPLAINED: What can I deduct from my tax bill in Switzerland?

While the bill won widespread support from the SVP, FDP, Mitte and GLP, it was opposed by the Social Democrats and the Greens, who said it was irresponsible in the time of a crisis and would lead to austerity. 

They said it would cut around 70 million from the budget – which is already CHF300 million in the red. 

Revealed: The Swiss canton with the best tax rates for families

Advocates said it would not force the canton further into debt, although there were no indications as to where the CHF70 million would be cut from the budget. 

The government said it would try and achieve this goal via a “tight budget execution”, i.e. through looking at where small cuts and savings could be made. 

The latest budget approved by Zurich parliamentarians showed a minus of CHF300 million, of a total budget of CHF17.1 billion. 

ANALYSIS: Is Switzerland actually a tax haven?

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ZURICH

Deadly elephant-killing virus at Zurich Zoo stumps experts

A deadly virus has swept through Zurich's zoo, killing three Asian elephants in a month. Experts are stumped about the virus and don't know how to stop its spread.

Deadly elephant-killing virus at Zurich Zoo stumps experts

The zoo overlooking Switzerland’s largest city now has only five of the majestic creatures roaming its 11,000-square-metre (118,400-square-foot) elephant enclosure.

Two-year-old bull Umesh was the first to fall victim to the Elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) at the end of June, followed just days later by his eight-year-old sister Omysha.

Last Saturday, Ruwani, a five-year-old female from a second matriarchal herd also died.

They succumbed at lightning speed to the herpesvirus, which leaves young Asian elephants with internal bleeding and organ failure.

In captivity, this virus is “the main cause of death for elephants between two and eight years”, zoo curator Pascal Marty told AFP.

The virus has also been known to kill elephants in the wild, he said, but “it’s a bit harder to detect”.

Last goodbye

The herpesvirus lies latent in nearly all elephants, both in the wild and in captivity, but can in some cases suddenly become deadly, killing its victims in a matter of days.

“We still don’t know why it happens and when it happens,” Marty said.

The zoo’s five remaining Asian elephants — all adults — were permitted to spend a few hours gathered around the remains of their young family members and companions.

Marty said it was important to give the animals “enough time (to) say farewell”. “It’s very hard to say whether or not they are sad, because sadness is something human,” he said.

But he stressed that since elephants are highly social animals, it is vital that they have a chance to realise when a member of their herd is no longer alive.

“It is very important for them to have closure to understand this individual is not part of our group anymore.”

Less than a week after the latest death, the giant mammals appear to be going nonchalantly about their daily activities, from swimming in a large pond to searching for food.

They slip their trunks into holes, where a computer programme randomly distributes carrots and dried grass, aiming to make the animals walk and search for food as in the wild. 

Stress 

“It is kind of sad, especially because here in Zurich I think the elephants do have enough space,” said frequent visitor Mauro Muller, 29. Zurich zoo opened its new elephant enclosure in 2014, providing its herds six times more space than they had previously.

But eight years on, the zoo acknowledged it was going through “difficult days”.

“It is particularly frustrating that we are powerless against this virus, despite the best veterinary care through the university animal hospital in Zurich,” zoo director Severin Dressen said in a statement.

There is no vaccine, and while antivirals exist, they are not very efficient and even when elephants are treated quickly, only about a third of them survive.

“The epidemiology of the disease is still not clear,” said Bhaskar Choudhury, a veterinarian and member of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Asian Elephant Specialist Group.

“The virus is shed intermittently by adults but with increasing frequency during stress periods, which is thought to be the source of infection for young calves,” he told AFP.

“IUCN is highly concerned with the mortality worldwide in captivity and more so in the wild.”

‘Ambassadors’ 

Asian elephants, which can live up to around 60 years old, are listed by the IUCN as an endangered species, with only about 50,000 left in the wild. Deforestation, urban sprawl and agricultural development have robbed them of their natural habitat, while poaching and the illegal ivory trade also threaten many herds.

“The populations are declining almost everywhere,” Marty said, adding that for conservation reasons, “it is also really important to have good and healthy populations of Asian elephants in Europe”.

Zurich zoo, he said, has one of the world’s most modern elephant enclosures, and is intent on continuing with its mission to breed them.

He described the elephants in the park as “partners” in educating people about the problems wild elephants face. “Elephants here at the zoo have an important role as ambassadors for their own species,” he said.

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