Coronavirus forces cancellation of Switzerland’s 600-year-old ‘open-air’ voting system

Glarus’ historic open-air voting system, which has been in place for more than 600 years, will not take place in 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic.

Coronavirus forces cancellation of Switzerland’s 600-year-old ‘open-air’ voting system
People gather in a square to vote during the annual Landsgemeinde meeting in the town of Appenzell, eastern Switzerland. Photo: SEBASTIEN BOZON / AFP

The Landsgemeinde (open-air assembly), in operation in the cantons of Glarus and Appenzell Innerhoden, is the oldest form of democracy practiced in Switzerland. 

While the event in Appenzell Innerhoden was cancelled in April, authorities in Glarus were hoping theirs would be allowed to take place. 

Authorities in Glarus announced on Tuesday that the vote would be cancelled, with decisions instead made by cantonal parliament. 

The remaining decisions will be pushed to the 2021 event. 

READ MORE: Why Switzerland’s Landsgemeinde (open-air assembly) is ‘pure democracy’ 

It will be the first time since the foundation of Switzerland in 1848 that the event won’t take place. 

While it has occasionally been postponed due to bad weather, this is the first time it has been cancelled. 

The Landsgemeinde was held annually during both world wars. 

‘Direct democracy in its loveliest form’

In a previous article on the Landsgemeinde in Appenzell Innerhoden, The Local Switzerland profiled local man Steffan Millius as he attended a Landsgemeinde

Steffan Millius grips his sword and makes his way through the throngs of people crowding into Appenzell’s central square to take part in Switzerland’s famous direct democracy in perhaps its purest form.

“I think it’s the best way to live democracy, because it’s really direct,” he says, straightening his sword, which he, like most of the other men, carries instead of a voting card.

The tradition of the Landsgemeinde, or open-air assembly, dates back to the 14th century, and in Appenzell is held every year on the last Sunday in April.
Historians say that back then, only men willing to go to battle to defend their community were allowed to vote — a right they for centuries have demonstrated by carrying a side-arm into the voting ring.
“This is the only place in the world, I think, where a weapon serves as voter ID,” says Rudolf Keller, the second secretary in the Appenzell cantonal government, showing off his own sword, which has his name engraved in the glistening steel.
Only Appenzell Innerhoden and another canton, Glarus, vote this way.

The women flocking through Appenzell’s narrow and windblown streets meanwhile carry their yellow voting cards with as much pride as the men carry their swords.

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Masks, tests and jabs: Can I deduct Covid-related costs from my taxes in Switzerland?

Switzerland’s tax deadline is just around the corner. Are Covid-related costs tax deductible?

Masks, tests and jabs: Can I deduct Covid-related costs from my taxes in Switzerland?

March 31st is the deadline for filing taxes in Switzerland relating to the 2021 financial year. 

Over the past two years, the Covid pandemic has seen a change in our spending habits. 

While we may have saved on restaurants and travel, we laid out considerable costs on a range of new expenses, including disinfectant, masks and Covid tests. 

As some of these costs are required by law, can they be deducted from your tax?

In some cases, expenses directly related to the Covid pandemic can be deducted. 

Masks, for instance, can be deducted as medical expenses in some cantons, Swiss tax specialist Markus Stoll told 20 Minutes

This depends on the specific framework for tax deductions related to medical expenses in that canton. 

EXPLAINED: What can I deduct from my tax bill in Switzerland?

Generally speaking, any medical costs paid out of pocket can be deducted. However, most cantons impose a minimum percentage limit from which these costs can be deducted. 

In many cantons, this will start at five percent of your yearly income in total (i.e. including other out-of-pocket costs like dental or specialist visits), meaning you would need to purchase a significant amount of masks to beat the threshold. 

What about testing and vaccination?

Testing and vaccinations however were largely free as their costs were covered by the Swiss government, which means associated expenses cannot be deducted. 

Those tests which were not covered by the government – for instance for travel abroad or for visiting clubs – cannot be deducted, Stoll says. 

“Tests for travel abroad or to visit clubs are not deductible” Stoll said. 

For a complete overview of taxation in Switzerland, including several specific guides, please check out our tax-specific page here.