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Everything you need to know about Switzerland’s nationwide mask requirement

What are the rules for mask wearing in Switzerland?

Everything you need to know about Switzerland's nationwide mask requirement

From Thursday, October 29th, masks will be required in indoor and outdoor spaces across Switzerland, meaning this guide is now out of date. Here's what you need to know about the rules which apply as of end October 2020. 

On Sunday, October 18th, Switzerland's Federal Council extended the nationwide mask requirement to include all publicly accessible indoor areas. 

The measures will apply from Monday, October 19th. 

READ: Swiss authorities impose tighter pandemic rules as cases jump

Here's everything you need to know about the mask requirement. 

Where are masks required in Switzerland? 

Masks have been required in public transport in Switzerland since July 6th. 

The new requirement extends compulsory mask rules to all indoor areas. 

While some cantons had previously put such rules in place, they will now apply across the country. 

As reported by Swiss news outlet 20 Minutes, this includes: “shops, shopping centres, banks, post offices, museums, libraries, cinemas, theatres, concert halls, interiors of zoological and botanical gardens and animal parks, restaurants, bars, discos, gaming salons, hotels (with the exception of guest rooms), entrance and entrance areas Cloakrooms in swimming pools, sports facilities and fitness centres, in medical practices, hospitals, churches and religious institutions.”

Besides people having to wear masks in bars and restaurants now in every canton, consumption of food and drinks can only take place while seated. 

This rule applies regardless of whether the venue is indoors or outdoors. 

Who must wear a mask? 

Everyone aged 12 or over must wear a mask. 

Children (i.e. up until the age of 11) are exempt from the mask requirement. 

What happens to people who refuse to wear masks?

Good question. Technically speaking, breaching the mask requirement can lead to a fine of up to CHF10,000 under the Epidemics Act – although whether such a fine will be levied against an individual remains to be seen. 

Prosecution will be conducted by the cantons but will need a complaint to be lodged by a shop or bar owner in order to start the process. 

Michel Gerber, from the Federal Office of Public Health, said all punishments should be proportionate to the incident – implying that individuals are unlikely to receive such a high fine. 

As reported by Swiss news outlet 20 Minutes, the higher fines are more likely to be levied against business owners and event organisers. 

Who will patrol public transport to ensure enforcement? 

Railway police and security services will patrol public transport to ensure compliance with the requirement. 

Commuters with masks in Lausanne. Photo: FABRICE COFFRINI / AFP

What about if I don't want to wear one? 

Masks are compulsory and there is no right of refusal. If you don't wear one, you will be asked to leave the venue or to get off at the next stop.

If you refuse, you may be fined or sanctioned for disobedience – not for failing to wear a mask. 

For example,  person was arrested for refusing to wear a mask in a shopping centre in the canton of Lucerne on October 17th. Police however clarified that the arrest was made because the man refused to exit the building. 

Conscientious objectors, no matter how good their conspiracy theory is, will not be able to avoid the requirement. 

What if the train is empty?

Even if you're alone, you still need to wear the mask. 

What kind of masks are required? 

The main goal of the regulation is to have the nose and the mouth covered.

This includes medical standard hygiene masks or surgical masks, but it also includes textile or cloth masks.

READ: Which masks sold in Switzerland are most and least effective against Covid-19? 

The recommendation allows those which are home made, however using a store-bought mask specifically made for preventing transmission of the virus is recommended. 

Scarves or other cloth coverings will not satisfy the mask requirement. Health authorities say such masks only provide limited protection against infection and therefore do not count as masks. 

What about plastic face shields?

The health department of the canton of Graübunden has warned face shield wearers that they offer little protection against the virus.

Plastic visors are also not effective at preventing an infected person from sharing the virus, the doctor warned.

The plastic shields are especially popular in hospitality and beauty services such as hairdressing.

‘They are ineffective': Swiss cantonal doctor warns against face shields 

However cantonal doctor Marina Jamnicki said not only are they less effective than face masks, they may provide wearers with a false sense of security.

Plastic face shields should be worn in tandem with a face mask, say cantonal authorities.

What modes of transport will it apply to?

The mask requirement will apply in all trains, trams, buses and on cable cars and ski lifts. Transport on ships and ferries will also be included. 

Was a mistake made in waiting so long?

Asked at the press conference if the Swiss government erred in waiting to put the mask requirement in place, Berset said it was only necessary now as more and more people came back to using public transport. 

“When everything was closed, it made no sense to impose a mask,” he said.

“We never said that masks don't protect. Now that more people are on the road again, it makes sense to wear a mask where the distances cannot be maintained.

Where can I get a mask? 

While homemade masks will satisfy the requirement, they are not recommended. 

Masks are however available everywhere in Switzerland, including in supermarkets, pharmacies, kiosks and also in vending machines. 

Masks can also be ordered online, however be sure to trust the sender. 

Geneva is stockpiling masks and hopes to accumulate 50 million by December – 100 for every resident of the canton. Geneva plans to make them available for 50 cents per mask at a rate “cheaper than supermarkets”. 

‘Cheaper than supermarkets': How Geneva plans to get coronavirus masks to every resident 

Since August 15th, masks have been required in all airlines that land or take off from Switzerland. 

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Masks, tests and jabs: Can I deduct Covid-related costs from my taxes in Switzerland?

Switzerland’s tax deadline is just around the corner. Are Covid-related costs tax deductible?

Masks, tests and jabs: Can I deduct Covid-related costs from my taxes in Switzerland?

March 31st is the deadline for filing taxes in Switzerland relating to the 2021 financial year. 

Over the past two years, the Covid pandemic has seen a change in our spending habits. 

While we may have saved on restaurants and travel, we laid out considerable costs on a range of new expenses, including disinfectant, masks and Covid tests. 

As some of these costs are required by law, can they be deducted from your tax?

In some cases, expenses directly related to the Covid pandemic can be deducted. 

Masks, for instance, can be deducted as medical expenses in some cantons, Swiss tax specialist Markus Stoll told 20 Minutes

This depends on the specific framework for tax deductions related to medical expenses in that canton. 

EXPLAINED: What can I deduct from my tax bill in Switzerland?

Generally speaking, any medical costs paid out of pocket can be deducted. However, most cantons impose a minimum percentage limit from which these costs can be deducted. 

In many cantons, this will start at five percent of your yearly income in total (i.e. including other out-of-pocket costs like dental or specialist visits), meaning you would need to purchase a significant amount of masks to beat the threshold. 

What about testing and vaccination?

Testing and vaccinations however were largely free as their costs were covered by the Swiss government, which means associated expenses cannot be deducted. 

Those tests which were not covered by the government – for instance for travel abroad or for visiting clubs – cannot be deducted, Stoll says. 

“Tests for travel abroad or to visit clubs are not deductible” Stoll said. 

For a complete overview of taxation in Switzerland, including several specific guides, please check out our tax-specific page here.