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COVID-19

Switzerland on edge ahead of Covid referendum

In a country better known for calm compromise, Switzerland has been gripped by threats of violence and protest ahead of this weekend's Covid referendum, with several politicians under police protection.

Anti-Covid protesters carry a Swiss flag in Lausanne
Protests, such as this one in Lausanne, have taken place across Switzerland against the country's Covid measures. Photo: Fabrice COFFRINI / AFP

The Swiss will vote on Sunday on the country’s Covid-19 laws, after a campaign characterised by unprecedented levels of hostility in the wealthy Alpine nation, including even death threats.

Like in much of Europe, Switzerland has seen growing anger over restrictions and vaccine pressure aimed at reining in the pandemic.

But in a country renowned for its culture of compromise, and where referendums take place every few months in a climate of civility and measured debate, the soaring tensions around the upcoming vote have come as a shock.

READ MORE: How Switzerland’s direct democracy system works

Police have upped security around a number of politicians, Health Minister Alain Berset included, who have faced a flood of insults and death threats.

“We have seen an increase in threats since the start of the pandemic, with unprecedented virulence,” the federal police told AFP.

Fences have also been erected around the government and parliament buildings in Bern to protect them during anti-vax demonstrations.

Such protests, with their chants of “Freedom! Freedom!”, have taken place with increasing frequency across the country.

They are often led by the so-called “Freiheitstrychler”, or “Freedom ringers” — men dressed in white shirts embroidered with edelweiss flowers and with two large cowbells suspended from a yoke resting on their shoulders.

Freiheitstrychler: Who are Switzerland’s ‘freedom bell ringers’?

‘Country like any other’ 

The crowds that follow them are fairly diverse, sociologists say, although young men further to the right of the political spectrum are over-represented.

Some of the demonstrations have led to violent clashes with police, who have used rubber bullets and tear gas to rein in the crowds.

“The scale of this is unheard of,” Pascal Sciarini, a Geneva-based political scientist, told AFP.

He pointed out that in Switzerland, famous for its direct democracy system, “there are institutional means of expression that tend to temper more heavy-handed and violent forms of protest”.

READ MORE: Is Switzerland delaying imposing new measures due to November’s Covid referendum?

“But when we see what is happening in the streets, it is clear that behaviours are changing,” he said.

“Switzerland has become a country like any other,” he said.

“It is no longer consensus territory, as we still like to believe.”

In this climate, observers have warned that Sunday’s vote could exacerbate tensions, and even spark a violent backlash among the anti-vax crowd if results do not go in their favour.

It will mark the second time in less than six months that the Swiss have been called upon to vote on the government’s response to the pandemic.

In June, 60 percent of voters approved prolonging national measures. 

‘Apartheid’

But opponents insisted a new vote was needed on amendments to the Covid law which, among other things, provide the legal basis for the so-called Covid certificate, indicating that a person has been vaccinated, tested negative or has recovered from the disease.

Some opponents have said the certificate, which has been required since September for access to restaurants and other indoor spaces and activities, is creating an “apartheid” system.

READ MORE: What’s at stake in Switzerland’s Covid referendum on November 28th?

“This law is discriminatory. It will create a two-speed society,” said Agnes Aedo, spokeswoman for the “Friends of the Constitution” group that launched the referendum.

The latest polls show that a clear majority of eligible Swiss voters — around two-thirds — still support the law.

All political parties, except for the populist right-wing SVP, the Swiss People’s Party, also back the law.

The SVP is the largest party in Switzerland, and some of its representatives, including one time President and current Finance Minister Ueli Maurer, have been pictured in “Freiheitstrychler” garb.

Sciarini accused the party of trying to score political points on the back of the growing tensions.

“The SVP is fanning the flames,” he said.

READ MORE: What are the Covid rules for Switzerland’s Christmas markets?

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COVID-19 CERTIFICATE

What will Switzerland do about the ‘millions’ of expiring Covid certificates?

In the coming months, millions of Covid certificates are set to expire in Switzerland. What will the government do about it?

What will Switzerland do about the ‘millions’ of expiring Covid certificates?

As certificates are valid for nine months after the second vaccine dose or a booster, “millions of Swiss Covid certificates will expire by autumn at the latest”, according to Swiss news outlet 20 Minutes.

As many Swiss received their most recent shot in late 2021, the nine-month period will soon be coming to an end. 

Although this is not a problem domestically as proof of vaccination is no longer required in Switzerland, it may pose issues for travel. 

Since many countries still require a vaccination certificate for entry, and as the second round of boosters is not yet available in Switzerland,  this means that a large number of people may not be able to travel abroad.

And while other countries have already started to administer second booster shots, Swiss health authorities are dragging their feet, not having even issued a recommendation for the fourth dose yet.

This worries some MPs, who are calling on the government to make second boosters available soonest possible.

“The past has shown that cantons are not always sufficiently prepared. Something like this mustn’t happen again”, said MP Fabian Molina, adding that anyone travelling abroad should be able to be re-vaccinated if they wish. 

Another deputy, Yvonne Feri, noted that the federal government and the cantons have to prepare to vaccinate again within a short period of time.

READ MORE: Reader question: When will Switzerland roll out second Covid boosters?

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