Why your Swiss citizenship application might be rejected - and how to avoid it
The strict criteria for obtaining a Swiss passport means that a number of candidates get turned down. Here’s what you should know about increasing your chances of being naturalised.
How quick and easy (or slow and painstaking) the process of obtaining Swiss citizenship is depends on many factors, including whether you are going through a simplified or regular naturalisation.
But in either case, the surest way for your application to be rejected is because you are not eligible for citizenship in the first place, or you don’t provide all the required paperwork.
For the ordinary naturalisation, the tougher of the two types of procedures, eligibility rules are stricter and you typically need to provide more documentation.
These are some grounds for rejecting your application for ordinary naturalisation:
You don’t have a permanent residence C permit and / or have not lived in Switzerland continually for at least 10 years.
“The years you have spent in Switzerland between the ages of 8 and 18 count double, but you must have actually lived in Switzerland for at least six years”, according to to the State Secretariat for Migration (SEM).
This includes time spent in the country with a B or Ci permit, as well as a legitimation card issued by the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs.
Your application will not be accepted, however, if you have lived in Switzerland only as an asylum seeker (N permit) or on a short stay L permit.
Additionally, cantons require a minimum residence period of between two and five years in the commune and in the canton.
You are not sufficiently integrated
Social integration plays a very important part in the citizenship process. This includes the ability to communicate in the national language of your region, with candidates having to demonstrate an A2 level writing ability and B1 spoken skills under the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.
Just as essential is acceptance of the Swiss way of life and local customs, as well as good knowledge of your commune and general geographical area where you live.
Not paying your taxes on time, being the subject of debt collection proceedings, having unpaid debts and a criminal record are also sure signs that your application will be refused.
Some of these requirements may be difficult to assess until the candidate is invited for a face-to-face meeting, but if it becomes obvious from your application form that you fall short in any of these categories, then your candidacy will be refused.
You receive social assistance
Depending on public money to support yourself is not well seen in Switzerland if you are a foreigner seeking to be naturalised.
In fact, your application for Swiss citizenship will be turned down if you have been on welfare in the three years prior to applying.
An exception is made if the benefits are paid back in full before your application is received.
As the name suggests, this is a fast(er) track to obtaining citizenship — for instance, if you are married to a Swiss national or were born in Switzerland to foreign parents.
But don’t let the word ‘simplified’ fool you: your application will be denied if you don’t meet certain criteria.
If your spouse is Swiss, you must live in Switzerland for at least five years, spend the year prior to submitting the application in Switzerland, be married to and living with the Swiss citizen for at least three years.
If you don’t fulfil these requirements, your application will not be accepted.
Third-generation foreign national
You’d think that if you were born and grew up in Switzerland, your naturalisation would be easy and your candidacy would be approved without further ado.
But even if you consider yourself Swiss and have never lived in another country, you are still on shaky ground if you fail to meet certain conditions:
- At least one of your grandparents was born in Switzerland and can be proven to have acquired a right of residence here.
- At least one parent has acquired a permanent residence permit, lived for at least 10 years in Switzerland and attended compulsory schooling in this country for at least five years.
- You were born in Switzerland and hold a permanent residence permit.
- You have attended compulsory schooling for at least five years in Switzerland.
- You are successfully integrated.
- You submit your application before your 25th birthday.
- If you submit the application after your 25th birthday but otherwise meet all the requirements, you can apply for simplified naturalisation until February 55, 2023 provided you will still be under the age of 40 on that date.
If any of these criteria is not met, your application will be — you guessed it — denied.
Here’s how to avoid being a “reject”
Before you get all your required paperwork together and send it to appropriate cantonal authorities, familiarise yourself with all the requirements for your particular case and category.
Don’t just send out your applications hoping nobody will notice that you don’t qualify — they will.
If you do meet all the criteria for naturalisation, make sure you have the documents needed to prove your eligibility.
More information (in German, French, and Italian) can be found here.